Succulents Plant Features
Succulents are some of the trendiest plants around. You often see them featured in magazines, blogs, and everywhere else (including Pinterest). It's no wonder why: Succulents offer a wonderful array of colors and textures. Plus, they're easy to grow indoors and out!
Succulent houseplants are popular plants for window sills, bright desks, and other indoor spaces where you can show them off. We're especially fond of succulents grown on living walls! As houseplants, succulents thrive in just about any container, so look for the perfect
Outdoors, succulents are perfect for landscapes and container gardens. Most succulents are from warm-weather
Some of the more common groups of succulents include Agave, Aloe, Crassula, Echeveria, Gasteria, Haworthia, Kalanchoe, Ledebouria, Portulacaria, and Senecio.
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Succulents Growing Instructions
Grow succulent houseplants in the brightest spot you have. They love a sunny window sill, but also thrive under bright artificial light, making them ideal accents for your desk at work or school.
Outdoors, most succulents need a spot with at least a half day of sun. Typically, the more, the better -- especially if you want to enjoy the plants' colors to their best effect.
Because succulents store water in their leaves, they don't need to be watered very frequently. Once every couple of weeks -- or less -- may suffice, depending on the variety, the size of the pot, and the amount of light and temperature it gets.
Most succulents are pretty slow growing, especially as houseplants, so you typically don't need to worry about pruning them. But you can fertilize succulents if you want for faster growth. Spring and summer are the best time to fertilize them; you can use any general-purpose fertilizer. Follow the directions on the packaging to make sure you apply the right amount.
Note: While they're beautiful and easy-care plants, succulents are not intended for human or animal consumption.
Get tips for planting succulents (and cacti)
Indoors: High light
Blue, Green, Orange, Pink, Purple, Red, Silver, Variegated, White
Low water needs
Purifies the air
Super-easy to grow
Complement your Succulents with these varieties:
Cacti are natural partners for low-water succulents and can provide fun textural and color contrasts.
Indoors, easy-care dischidia is a perfect partner for succulents.
Varieties: Our Favorites
Agave desmettiana 'Variegata'
Also called variegated smooth agave, this palnt is perfect for container gardens. A slow-grower, it features soft blue-green leaves edged in golden-yellow. As a perennial, it can grow 5 feet tall and wide; as an annual, it typically stays about 18 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11Desert Escape®
Agave salmiana var. ferox
This agave features lance-shaped leaves tipped with sharp brown spines. It's a slow-grower that can eventually get quite large; to 4 feet or more! Zones 7-10Desert Escape®
A delightful succulent, this is also called lace allow, and features rich green leaves with white spots. It stays pretty small -- only about 6 inches. Zones 8-10Desert Escape®
A fun aloe with bright orange flowers and gray-green leaves, this variety gets about 2 feet across. Zones 9-10Desert Escape®
Aloe 'Bright Star'
Bright Star aloe features gray-green leaves flushed with pink and bold reddish-orange edges. It grows about 6 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11Desert Escape®
Aloe 'Cha Cha'
This hybrid shows off silvery-green leaves delightfully decorated in silver spots. It grows 6 to 12 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11
Aloe 'Christmas Carol'
Add color to sunny outdoor spaces or bright windowsills with Christmas Carol aloe. It has gray-green leaves boldly edged in reddish-orange. It grows 6-10 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11Desert Escape®
Also called tiger tooth aloe, this is an easy-care succulent that shows off bright green leaves spotted in white and edged in light-green spines. It grows 12 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11Desert Escape®
Minibelle aloe is an adorable, easy-care variety that offers textural green leaves and white speckles. It grows only 10 inches tall and 16 inches across. Zones 10-11 outdoorsDesert Escape®
Aloe nobilis (also called gold tooth aloe) is a showstopper with big green leaves splashed with white. It grows 16 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11 outdoors as a perennialDesert Escape®
Add bright color to your succulent collection with Sunrise aloe. This variety features orange-red variegation on its gray-green foliage. It grows 12 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11Desert Escape®
Aloe 'Walmsley's Variegated'
Walmsley's Variegated is a whimsical variety that, as its name suggests, has leaves variegated with light green and cream. It's easy to grow and lovely. Walmsley's Variegated aloe grows 12 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11Desert Escape®
Albuca 'Augrabies Hills'
Augrabies Hills Albuca is a tidy little succulent that has grassy leaves sprouting from a thick bulb. It produces green-and-white flowers. It grows 8 inches (20 centimeters) tall and wide.
One of the most popular succulents, jade plant develops a tree-like form over time and can grow several feet tall. It has dark green leaves and white flowers. Zone 10Desert Escape® , Exotic Angel® Plants
Crassula capitella 'Campfire'
Campfire jade plant earns its name from the brilliant orange-red color the leaves take on during periods of cool weather. It can reach 3 feet across and thrives in part shade. Zone 10Desert Escape®
Coral jade plant features interesting green foliage that gives it the look of an undersea creature. It's an eye-catching houseplant for bright spots or outdoors in sunny places. Coral jade grows 12 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11 as a perennialDesert Escape®
Crassula falcata is an adorable succulent with fleshy, flattened blue-gray leaves and clusters of reddish flowers in full sun. It grows 24 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11Desert Escape®
Crassula marginata 'Variegata'
One of the most colorful succulents around, this variety (also called calico kitten because of its coloration) shows off gray-green leaves edged in pink and ivory. It stays low --- less than a foot tall. Zone 10
Crassula tetragona is an easy-care, low-water succulent that almost looks like a pine tree seedling. It offers leaves that like fat needles and an upright shape. Crassula tetragona grows about 2 feet tall and 1 foot wide. Zone 10Desert Escape®
When it's young, crinkle-leaf plant has short, stubby leaves. But as this succulent houseplant grows, it forms a rose-like shape with wavy leaves that give it an under-the-sea look. Zone 10
Echeveria agavoides is a delightful mounding succulent that has green foliage with red tips. It grows 8 inches tall and 12 inches wide. Zones 10-11Desert Escape®
Echeveria 'Black Prince'
Black Prince echeveria is a stunning succulent with rich purple-green foliage. Like many purple succulents, you get the best color in full sun. It grows 6 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11 as a perennialDesert Escape®
You'll love Echeveria colorata! It brings silvery blue-green foliage (often with pink tips or edges) and clusters of pink flowers. Superb in container gardens, it grows 8 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11Desert Escape®
A small succulent, Echeveria elegans grows about a foot across and has beautiful blue-gray leaves in tight clusters. Indoors it's an excellent houseplant; outdoors it's a fun groundcover in frost-free areas and a wonderful addition to container gardens. Zone 10Desert Escape®
Echeveria secunda var. glauca
Echeveria secunda var. glauca grows in a pretty rosette of silvery-blue foliage. Its red flowers are held on tall stems that dance above the leaves. This succulent grows 10 inches tall and wide. Zones 9-11Desert Escape®
Also called ghost echeveria, and named for its intense silvery-blue color, this delightful succulent offers coral-pink blooms. It grows 12 inches tall and wide. Zone 10Desert Escape®
Peacock echeveria is a showy variety that offers silvery leaves in compact clusters (to 8 inches wide or so) and red-orange flowers. Zone 10Desert Escape®
Echeveria pulvinata is unique because of its fuzzy gray-green leaves. Slow-growing and easy care, it reaches 8 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11Desert Escape®
Echeveria runyonii 'Topsy Turvy'
Topsy Turvy is a fun little variety that has gray-green leaves with a bit of a curl to them, giving the plant an exceptional look. It grows 10 inches tall and wide. Zones 9-10Desert Escape®
Also called firecracker echeveria, this variety offers softly hairy gray-green leaves and bright clusters of flowers on tall stems that dangle above the foliage. It grows 6 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11Desert Escape®
Perhaps the most dramatic echeveria we grow, E. shaviana has gracefully ruffled silvery-blue foliage. It grows 12 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11Desert Escape®
Euphorbia tortilis is an unusual cactus-like succulent that has bizarre, twisted new growth. It eventually can grow to become tree-like. Zone 10Desert Escape®
Sometimes grouped with cacti, Euphorbia trigona is also called African milk tree. It's a fun succulent that has three-angled stems studded with rows of leaves. It can grow 48 inches tall. Zone 10Desert Escape®
Fantastic kalanchoe is a patented flapjacks variety that shows off red, cream, and yellow variegation in its large leaves. It grows 2 feet tall. Zones 9-10
Gasteria bicolor var. liliputana
This diminutive variety shows off small, dark green leaves spotted in light green. It prefers part shade and thrives as a houseplant. Zone 10
Gasteria brevifolia (also called ox tongue) is an extra-tough succulent that has rough, textured, dark green leaves variegated with white spots. It can grow 6 or 8 inches across. Zone 10
Gasteria fuscopunctata is a slow-growing succulent with green leaves speckled in white. It can grow 20 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11Desert Escape®
Haworthia acuminata is a slow-growing, small succulent that has translucent light green leaves. It grows 6 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11Desert Escape®
Haworthia 'Big Band'
Big Band haworthia is an easy-care indoor or outdoor succulent that has thick dark green leaves broadly striped in white. It grows 8 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11
Haworthia coarctata is an upright growing species that has dark green leaves variegated with white. It grows 8 inches tall. Zones 10-11
Easy-care and slow-growing, 'Enon' haworthia is a must for bright windowsills and dry terrariums. It grows 4 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11
Also called zebra haworthia, it derives that moniker from the bold white bands that run horizontally across its dark green leaves. This is a classic succulent houseplant and is easy to grow indoors or out. Zone 10
Haworthia glauca is an upright-growing species with dark blue-green leaves. Like other haworthias, it likes a bright spot and well-drained soil or potting mix. It grows 8 inches tall. Zones 10-11
Haworthia limifolia is a slow-growing selection with mid-green leaves that have a unique texture that contrasts other succulents. It grows 6 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11 outdoors
Haworthia pumila is a small, tidy species with dark green leaves decorated with rough knobs. It grows 6 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11
Haworthia reinwardtii is closely related to H. coarctata and looks similar, though it often has more white variegation. It grows 8 inches tall. Zones 10-11
Haworthia retusa is a low-growing, mounding species that shows off triangle-shaped leaves variegated with light green stripes. It grows 4 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11
Haworthia v. concolor
Concolor haworthia is a tidy, slow-growing succulent that brings delightful contrast with its dark green leaves and liberal white speckling. It grows 6 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11
Kalanchoe tomentosa 'Chocolate Solider'
Chocolate Soldier panda plant has soft, fuzzy, coppery-gray new growth. It can grow 2 feet tall outdoors. Zone 10Desert Escape®
Kalanchoe farinacea bears silvery-gray-green leaves and clusters of reddish-pink flowers. It grows 12 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11Desert Escape®
Kalanchoe fedtschenkoi 'Variegata'
Kalanchoe fedtschenkoi 'Variegata' is a colorful succulent that has gray-green leaves variegated with shades of cream, pink, and white. It grows 18 inches tall and wide. Zones 10-11Desert Escape®
Also called flapjacks, this a bold succulent has paddle-like leaves sometimes edged in red or purple. It grows 2 feet tall. Zones 9-10Desert Escape®
A lovely succulent indoors or out, panda plant has fuzzy gray leaves, often edged in dots of dark brown. It can grow 2 feet tall outdoors; panda plant stays smaller as a houseplant. Zone 10Desert Escape®
Lavender steps, also sometimes called propeller plant, is an easy-care succulent that features flat, gray-green leaves often edged in purple. It can grow 24 inches (60 cm) tall.Desert Escape®
Ledebouria socialis, also called silver squill or Scilla violacea, bears silvery leaves variegated with green spots. It thrives in sun or shade and grows 8 inches tall or wide. Zones 10-11Desert Escape®
This easy-care succulent looks like a little cactus when it's growing, and becomes a conversation piece when it blooms. It shows off yellow, star-shaped flowers with a shiny red raised ring in the center that looks like someone affixed a piece of Life Savers candy to the center. It grows about 6 inches tall and wide. Zone 10
This small succulent stays about 4 inches tall and shows off green leaves flushed with pinkish-purple. Zone 10
Also called elephant bush or baby jade, this succulent is a shrubby plant with dark green leaves and red-flushed stems. It can grow 2 feet tall in time. Zone 10Desert Escape®
Portulacaria afra 'Variegata'
Variegated baby jade plant offers delightful red-purple stems and small round white-variegated leaves. When young, it's a good groundcover; as it matures, it often develops more of a bonsai look. Zone 10Desert Escape®
Senecio ficoides is a delightful succulent that grows upright and has narrow, finger-like leaves in a lovely shade of silvery blue. Zone 10Desert Escape®
Senecio kleinia, also called Senecio neriifolia, is a dramatic shrubby succulent that has gray-green leaves and structural stems. It grows 4 feet tall and wide over time. Zones 10-11Desert Escape®
Senecio vitalis is an interesting succulent that has long, narrow powder-blue foliage that almost looks like pine needles. It grows 12-18 inches tall and 18-24 inches wide. Zone 10Desert Escape®
Closely related to inch plant, this easy-care succulent features fleshy leaves covered in soft, silky white hairs. These hairs help prevent water loss in its desert habitat and keep it safe from animals that may nibble. Zone 10.Desert Escape®